引用本文:陈赓良. 天然气脱硫醇工艺评述[J]. 石油与天然气化工, 2017, 46(5): 1-8.
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2058次   下载 1965 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
天然气脱硫醇工艺评述
陈赓良
中国石油西南油气田公司天然气研究院
摘要:
介绍了物理化学混合溶剂法、(新型)混合胺法及分子筛法等3种从天然气中脱除硫醇工艺的技术要点,同时指出:①物理化学混合溶剂法的硫醇脱除率通常可达到90%以上,但不宜应用于重烃含量较高的油田伴生气;②添加活化剂后的新型混合胺溶剂的甲硫醇脱除率可提高至约90%,再生酸气中烃摩尔分数则降至≤1.25%;③对于硫醇含量高的原料气,要求净化后硫醇质量浓度≤16 mg/m<sup>3</sup>时,宜采用“粗脱+精脱”的“1+1”工艺;④分子筛法脱水脱硫醇的工艺比较复杂,特别是在处理油田伴生气时,涉及水、硫醇与重烃三者之间的相互影响与干扰,且不同的原料气组成及产品气净化度要求均与分子筛品种选择及相应操作参数的确定密切相关。 
关键词:  物理化学混合溶剂法  砜胺法  混合胺  分子筛法  脱水  脱硫醇  LE-703溶剂  HySWEET工艺 
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1007-3426.2017.05.001
分类号:TE644
基金项目:
A review on demercaptan process of natural gas
Chen Gengliang
Research Institute of Natural Gas Technology, PetroChina Southwest Oil & Gasfield Company, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Abstract:
The technical features of three demercaptan methods from natural gas were introduced which include physico-chemical mixed solvent, mixed amine process and molecular sieves process. It could also be concluded that:①the demercaptan efficiency of physico-chemical mixed solvent might reach over 90%, but it was inapplicable for the associated gas containing higher content of heavy hydrocarbons; ②methyl mercaptan removal efficiency of new mixed amine solvent with active agents might reach about 90% and mole fraction of hydrocarbon in acid gas would decrease to ≤1.25%; ③for the raw gas containing high content of mercaptan, when mercaptan mass concentration ≤16 mg/m<sup>3</sup> was required in purified gas, using “rough removal + refine removal”(“1+1” technology) might be suitable; ④the process of simultaneous removal of water and mercaptan by molecular sieves was complex and especially for treating associated gas there were a lot of mutual influence and interfere among water, mercaptan and heavier hydrocarbon. In addition the raw gas composition and purified gas requirements were closely related to the selection of molecular sieves and their operating parameters.
Key words:  physico-chemical mixed solvent method  sulfinol process  mixed amines  molecular sieve method  dehydration  demercaptan  LE-703 solvent  HySWEET process